Turner syndrome is associated with a neurocognitive profile, which may negatively impact educational attainment and HRQoL Table 9. We suggest that validated tools such as TRAQ can be a useful way to assess preparedness for adult care, complemented by individualized TS-specific content for personal health history and ongoing adult health care recommendations. The controls in some studies were the siblings of the cases and lived in the same family. Studies are needed to quantitate the benefits of newborn diagnoses of TS and the feasibility of molecular techniques for diagnosis needs to be established. Five studies reported data on HDL cholesterol concentrations, Our threshold for a thorough assessment is even lower than that recommended by others. Annals of Human Genetics.
In this section, management recommendations for comorbidities of TS not covered elsewhere will be made.
What is triple X syndrome?
Therefore, we present data in support of TD use based on available studies and theoretical considerations. In psychiatric research, it would be interesting to study the relation between low self-esteem and paranoid ideations. Ten cases lived in an unstable environment and always showed educational problems. A RCT concluded that a low fixed dose of estrogen produces a satisfactory pubertal development not inferior to an individualized dose For information about clinical trials sponsored by private sources, in the main, contact: In contrast, estrogen given orally reaches the systemic circulation only after absorption into the portal venous system and after metabolism by the liver, thus exposing the liver to a greater amount of estrogen than the rest of the body. Apparently, the prenatally diagnosed were of a higher socio-economic status, predicting a higher level of functioning.